The West Bank is home to 771,000 registered refugees, around a quarter of whom live in 19 camps. Most of the others live in West Bank towns and villages. Some camps are located next to major towns and others are in rural areas.
While the West Bank has the largest number of camps in UNRWA's five fields of operation, the largest camp, Balata, has a similar population as the smallest camp in Gaza.
After the signing of the Oslo Accords in 1993 and subsequent related agreements, parts of the West Bank, including the refugee camps, were divided into three different zones of authority. Far’a and Nur Shams were initially in zone B, but following the implementation of the first phase of the 1998 Wye River Memorandum, they came under zone A, raising the total number of camps under full Palestinian Authority control to thirteen.
- Shu’fat camp - within the municipal boundaries of Jerusalem
- Kalandia camp - under zone C
Joint Palestinian/Israeli control (zone B)
- Deir 'Ammar
Exclusive Palestinian Authority control (zone A)
- Beit Jibrin
- Ein el-Sultan
- Nur Shams
- Camp No. 1
- Aqbat Jaber
UNRWA does not administer the camps, only its own installations and programmes.
The West Bank camps are active social units. Camp residents run their own activities and committees in each camp are regarded as an official body representing the camp population.
UNRWA sponsors a number of women's programme centres, community rehabilitation centres and youth activities in the camps to cater to the needs of women, refugees with disabilities and young people.
Several Palestinian NGOs as well as Palestinian Authority ministries are active in the West Bank camps and provide various services to residents.