In May 2007, the Nahr el-Bared Palestine refugee camp became the theater of a violent conflict between the extremist group, Fatah al-Islam and the Lebanese Armed Forces in northern Lebanon,. As a result of the violence, some 27,000 inhabitants of the Nahr el-Bared refugee camp and the nearby area were displaced. The camp and the UNRWA compound, which housed 6 schools, a health center, community centers, and more, were destroyed.
The film 'Return to Nahr el-Bared Camp’ was produced as part of the fundraising effort for the camp’s reconstruction, and the relief support provided by UNRWA to Palestinian refugees temporarily displaced from the 2007 conflict.
Over the past three years, UNRWA has embarked on the unprecedented reconstruction of the camp. In parallel, the agency is providing vital relief assistance for the 5,333 families temporarily displaced until the reconstruction of the camp is complete. UNRWA provides to the displaced Palestinians temporary housing assistance, food and health support, education and economic recovery.
Nahr el-Bared was established in 1949, one of 16 camps administered by UNRWA in Lebanon. By 2007, Nahr el-Bared Camp was one of four camps to be destroyed, but the only one, which - in agreement with of the Government of Lebanon - UNRWA is rebuilding. Overall, there are currently 12 camps across Lebanon administered by UNRWA, all home to refugees who left Palestine in 1948 and 1949.