Bureij camp is a comparatively small refugee camp located in the middle of the Gaza Strip. The camp is near Maghazi and Nuseirat refugee camps.
Bureij camp was built in the 1950s to house approximately 13,000 refugees who until then had lived in British army barracks and tents. The refugees who settled in Bureij had mostly come from towns east of Gaza, such as Falouja. Today, the refugee population of Bureij is more than 34,000.
The blockade on Gaza has made life more difficult for most camp residents. Unemployment levels have risen dramatically and fewer families can provide for themselves, leaving a staggering proportion of the population dependent on UNRWA’s food and cash aid.
Water and sanitation
Bureij camp is located close to Wadi Gaza, an open sewage pond from which raw sewage flows directly into the sea. According to the United Nations Environment Programme, up to 80,000 cubic metres of raw or partially treated sewage are pumped out to the ocean in Gaza each day, resulting in serious environmental health risks, including watery and bloody diarrhoea among refugee children.
In the camp, 90 per cent of the water is unfit for human consumption.
- Over 34,000 registered refugees
- Seven school buildings, four of which run on a double-shift basis, accommodating 11 schools, four running on double shifts
- One food distribution centre
- One health centre
- Demographic profile:
Programmes in the camp
- Electricity cuts
- High unemployment
- High population density
- Lack of availability of construction materials
- Contaminated water supply and proximity to Wadi Gaza