Around 53 per cent of the 455,000 refugees in Lebanon are registered in 12 camps. Three other camps were destroyed during Lebanon’s civil conflict (Nabatieh camp in south Lebanon, and Dikwaneh and Jisr el-Basha camps in the Beirut area). A fourth (Gouraud in Baalbek) was evacuated many years ago.
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The camp is the most densely populated camp in Beirut.
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The camp suffered severe damage during the civil conflict and living conditions remain very poor.
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Dbayeh is the only remaining camp in the eastern suburbs of Beirut.
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Ein El HillwehPopulation:
The camp is the largest concentration of Palestinians in Lebanon.
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El Buss is the smallest camp in Tyre. It was spared violence during the civil conflict.
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Mar Elias is Lebanonfr_sl‘s smallest camp and originally hosted Christian Palestinians.
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This small camp suffered considerable damage during the civil conflict. In July 1991, 1 in 6 shelters was destroyed.
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In 2007, conflict displaced tens of thousands of refugees in Nahr el Bared. A major reconstruction project is underway.
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Rashidieh is Lebanonfr_sl‘s greenest camp. It was badly affected by the Lebanese civil war.
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Shatila was devastated during the 1982 Israeli invasion of Lebanon. It was often targeted during the Lebanese civil war,
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Originally French army barracks, Wavel suffered less damage than other camps during Lebanonfr_sl‘s civil war.
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All 12 official refugee camps in Lebanon suffer from serious problems, such as:
- poor housing conditions
- no proper infrastructure.
Of all UNRWA fields, Lebanon has the highest percentage of Palestine refugees living in abject poverty and registered with the Agency‘s social safety-net programme.
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In mid-2007, as a result of the conflict between the Lebanese Army and the extremist Fatah Al-Islam group, approximately 27,000 Palestine refugees were displaced from Nahr el-Bared camp and its adjacent areas in northern Lebanon,
The camp was pounded with heavy artillery and aerial bombardments during a three-month siege. An estimated 95 per cent of all buildings and infrastructure were either destroyed or damaged beyond repair. The first stages of a major reconstruction and recovery effort are now underway to rebuild the camp and allow displaced refugees to return to their homes.
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