Under its 2011 Shelter programme, UNRWA plans to rehabilitate, reconstruct and/or repair 150 of the most hazardous West Bank camp-shelters not meeting SPHERE standards.
Beyond lifesaving, shelter provides security and personal safety, protection from the climate and enhances resistance from ill health and disease. It is also the cornerstone for human dignity and to sustain family and community life as far as possible in difficult circumstances. Unsafe shelter and severe over-crowding are of particular concern as they exacerbate domestic violence and health risks. From 2008 to 2009, UNRWA social workers have assessed an estimated 831 families requiring immediate intervention and living in overcrowded (average 12m2 of camp space/pers. vs SPHERE average of 45m2), unhygienic, dilapidated, damp, dark, and hazardous structures.