Responses to the critical needs of vulnerable Palestine refugees in Lebanon 2012 – 2016. The presence of Palestine refugees in Lebanon dates back to 1948 when around 100,000 Palestinians fled their homeland during the Arab-Israeli war. They eventually settled into a number of camps and gatherings throughout the country, primarily near the urban centres of Beirut, Tripoli, Saida, Tyre and the Bekaa. Since 1950, the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) has been providing health, education and emergency relief services for the displaced Palestine refugees in Lebanon. In recent years, UNRWA has also sought to rehabilitate shelters and to upgrade water, drainage and sanitation services in the camps as part of its Field Infrastructure and Camp Improvement Programme (FICIP).