The current regional crisis, triggered by the war in Syria, is one of the most trying challenges UNRWA has faced since it was created to assist Palestine refugees after their original dispossession and dispersion throughout the region in 1948. Without faltering in its core work of providing assistance to further the human development of a population of over 5 million Palestine refugees across the region, and despite chronic financial constraints, UNRWA is now responding to the critical needs of Palestine refugees affected by the conflict in Syria. This includes the Palestine refugee population inside Syria, as well as those who have fled to Lebanon and Jordan, and the small number who have reached Gaza. Many Palestine refugees have sought safety in Egypt, Turkey and further afield. While these countries are beyond UNRWA’s area of operation, the Agency is actively advocating for them to receive the support they need. The scale of the Syria conflict and its devastating humanitarian consequences continue to outstrip forecasts and planning scenarios.