Syria Crisis

Syria crisis

UNRWA remains deeply concerned for the safety and protection of Palestinian and Syrian civilians, including children, who remain in Yarmouk. © 2015 UNRWA Photo By Taghrid Mohammad
The 18,000 Palestinian and Syrian civilians remaining in Yarmouk have experienced extreme suffering, siege and exposure to armed conflict for a period of more than two years. Today, they face their worst crisis since 2012, as conflict engulfs their homes and threatens to expose them to the most severe violations of international human rights and humanitarian law.
UNRWA
UNRWA is seeking an immediate injection of US$ 30 million to provide life-sustaining assistance to the 18,000 civilians from Yarmouk, including 3,500 children
Civilians receive UNRWA assistance in Yalda, 16 April, 2015 ©UNRWA
UNRWA continues to seek secure and unhindered access to Yarmouk itself and stands ready to expand the response in the case of further displacement from the area
Mr. Krähenbühl heard the personal stories of the civilians displaced from Yarmouk. Tiny Jihad Ya'qoub was born on 30 March 2015; he and his mother have received a baby kit and other essential household items from UNRWA. © 2015 UNRWA Photo byTaghrid Mohammad
It is the individual lives at the heart of the Yarmouk story that make the imperative for humanitarian action so compelling. I encountered two such individuals on my mission to Damascus – Jihad and Mohammad -- tiny vulnerable infants who left Yarmouk in recent days, a place that was described last week by the Secretary-General as one of the “lower circles of hell”. The fact that they are alive truly make them miracle children.
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Palestine refugees from Syria have been severely affected by the ongoing armed conflict. Of the total 560,000 Palestine refugees in Syria, almost all require assistance. Click here to read more.

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The Syria Crisis

UNRWA more than ever is a critical life-line for Palestine refugees. By adaptation and innovation, the Agency has maintained the capacity to provide services and assistance to all Palestine refugees in Syria and those displaced to Lebanon, Jordan and Gaza.

The conflict in Syria is complex and deadly. All 12 Palestine refugee camps and all 560,000 registered Palestine refugees in the country have been affected. UNRWA estimates that 95 per cent of the 480,000 Palestine refugees remaining in Syria are in continuous need of humanitarian aid. One third of UNRWA facilities in Syria have been rendered inoperable due to damage or active conflict. Therefore, UNRWA has had to adapt as the conflict permits. It has innovated and found solutions to allow it to continue to fulfill its mandate to assist Palestine refugees.

However, the escalating violence makes movement and access more difficult and causes severe hardship for Palestine refugees. The particular vulnerabilities of Palestine refugees and their sensitive status in the region compound the already stark and violent devastation they share with Syrians. Jordan effectively closed its borders to Palestinian refugees from Syria early in the conflict; Lebanon followed suit in May 2014. When they do find relief from the conflict, they suffer marginalization and acute vulnerability. In Lebanon, Jordan and Egypt, many Palestine refugees from Syria do not have legal status and are unable to access civil registration procedures and basic social services. Their movement is limited and they live in constant fear of arrest and forced return to Syria.

The overall needs of Palestine refugees are urgent. Supporting them with advocacy and financial means is an imperative of regional humanitarian, political and strategic importance.

Read more in the Syria Regional Crisis Emergency Appeal for 2015 and the Syria Crisis Response Mid-Year Review 2014.

Read more about the latest development in the Syria Regional Crisis Response Update

Syria emergency appeal 2015 © UNRWA

Facts and Figures

280,000 PRS ARE INTERNALLY DISPLACED

All 560,000 registered Palestine refugees in Syria have been affected by the ongoing conflict. UNRWA estimates that 95 per cent of the 480,000 Palestine refugees remaining in Syria are in continuous need of humanitarian aid. The escalating violence makes movement and access more difficult and causes severe hardship. Jordan effectively closed its borders to Palestine refugees from Syria (PRS) early in the conflict; Lebanon followed suit in May this year.

Syria

There are 560,000 Palestine refugees registered with UNRWA in Syria. There are 480,000 who remain in Syria of which 280,000 are internally displaced

Lebanon

There are 44,000 PRS in Lebanon. The agency estimates the number will go up to 45,000 by the end of 2015.

Jordan

There are 15,000 PRS in Jordan. The agency estimates the number will go up to 17,000 by the end of 2015.

Gap 98.00
Coverage 2.00

Funding Requirements

The depth and breadth of UNRWA operations in Syria, Jordan and Lebanon lends the Agency an extraordinary staying power and means it is ideally placed to ensure the resilience of these most vulnerable people. UNRWA more than ever is a critical life-line for Palestine refugees. By adaptation and innovation, the Agency has maintained the capacity to provide services and assistance to all Palestine refugees in Syria and those displaced to Lebanon, Jordan and Gaza.

UNRWA requires US$ 415.4 million to meet minimum needs of Palestine refugees affected by the Syria crisis in the region in 2015.

The 2014 UNRWA appeal was only 50 per cent funded. Only by substantially reducing individual assistance has UNRWA been able to continue serving all those in need. If funding levels continue to decline, critical efforts in emergency education and health care will cease, and cash assistance – the central pillar of the UNRWA humanitarian response – will be threatened. By focusing solely on staving off humanitarian disaster, decades of development gains made possible by the international community will be lost.

Click here to read the full appeal (PDF).

Total Appeal$415,374,000
Received to Date$8,290,000
Gap$407,084,000
Coverage2.00%
Gap98.00%

With thanks to our donors

We at UNRWA would like to thank all of our donors for their commitment and support to Palestine refugees from Syria caught in the devastating conflict. This assistance has been the life-line to the Palestine refugee families and communities in peril.

As the brutality and complexity of the conflict grow, so do the humanitarian consequences. UNRWA's unique operational depth and breadth in the region provide a critical framework of stability for Palestine refugees affected by the conflict. UNRWA schools, clinics and cash assistance have been instrumental in maintaining a level of resilience despite extreme suffering. However, at 50% funding, we are unable to sustain this response.

We will need US$ 415.4 million in 2015 to meet the bare minimum needs of Palestine refugees affected by the conflict in Syria, Lebanon and Jordan. The Palestine refugees count on all of us to stand by them until a solution can be found to the Palestine refugee issue. Your firm support is ever more critical and ever more appreciated as 2015 in Syria looms dark with greater challenges and hardship.

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With thanks to our donors thumbnail © UNRWA

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$35 FEEDS A FAMILY OF 5 FOR 2 WEEKS
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$40 CAN PAY FOR A DOCTOR FOR 1 DAY
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$50 GIVES A FAMILY AN EMERGENCY HOUSEHOLD KIT
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$100 PROVIDES A FAMILY WITH FUEL FOR 1 MONTH