The conflict in Syria has severely impacted the lives of Palestine refugees. Almost 300,000 of the total 540,000 Palestine refugees have been displaced. UNRWA has responded with key programmatic measures to counter these adverse impacts, especially by providing emergency cash assistance for refugees to be able to meet their basic needs of food and shelter. In 2011 SFO started implementing the Emergency Response Programme which is supported by emergency assistance funding. The main components of the Emergency Response Programme are cash assistance, food assistance, and non-food items distribution.