On 3 July 2023, Israeli forces launched a large-scale operation in Jenin, centered on Jenin refugee camp. The operation, which lasted for 48 hours, resulted in confrontations with Palestinian armed actors and came in the context of a deteriorating security environment across the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, since 2022. This has seen a major increase in the frequency and intensity of operations by Israeli security forces, particularly in and around refugee camps, and record numbers of Palestinian casualties, including amongst Palestine refugees. There has also been increased activity by Palestinian armed actors and Palestinian shooting attacks, which has resulted in fatalities of Israeli citizens and foreign nationals.
Through this Flash Appeal, UNRWA seeks US$ 23.8 million to implement a multi-sectoral response that addresses the most pressing humanitarian and early recovery needs of Palestine refugees in Jenin camp from the recent operation.