Last year was another extremely difficult year for people in the Middle East region amid multiple and often unprecedented challenges. Palestine refugees continue to be among the most vulnerable communities in the region and around the world. The majority of Palestine refugees in Syria, Lebanon and Gaza now live below the poverty line. Many families are no longer able to make ends meet and are often struggling to bring food to the table. In Jordan, unemployment among Palestine refugees is soaring, especially among the youth, and the West Bank is facing daily protection threats to civilians given the sharp increase in violence. UNRWA finished the year amid a severe funding shortfall. It is starting 2023 with over US$ 70 million worth of financial liabilities, including debts and loans.