The fourth quarter of 2016 continued to be marked by a sharp escalation of armed violence across the country. The situation in Aleppo deteriorated, claiming the lives of many civilians, including Palestine refugees. In Khan Eshieh, in southern Rif Damascus, direct shelling destroyed civilian houses and a number of Palestine refugees were reportedly killed. On 16 December, an inter-agency convoy was authorized to reach civilians trapped in Khan Eshieh camp. UNRWA participated in the convoy and successfully delivered food, non-food items (NFIs) and medical items to Palestine refugees trapped in the area. This was the rst time since 2013 that UNRWA had gained access to Khan Eshieh camp.