Syria Crisis

Syria Crisis

Fatmeh holds a photo of her son Baha’a, who was killed in a mortar attack in Syria last year. © 2019 UNRWA Photo by Taghrid Muhammad
At just 14 years-old Baha’a Mohammed’s life was cut tragically short. He was forced to flee his home twice
UNRWA Commissioner-General Pierre Krähenbühl meets with a Palestine refugee student in Syria. © 2018 UNRWA Photo
Op-ed by Pierre Krähenbühl, Commissioner-General of the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees (UNRWA) When last visiting the Yarmouk refugee camp, in Damascus, I was confronted with a scale of devastation unlike anything I had witnessed before in almost three decades of work in war zones around the world. Standing in these fields of ruin, I saw signs everywhere of the appalling human cost of an unforgiving conflict, which has torn apart the lives of millions of Syrians. I was also reminded of what makes the tragedy of Palestine refugees in Syria so particularly unique...
Syria8: Eight years, eight stories
“Over 58,000 Palestine refugee children have been born since the start of the conflict. To mark the 8 th anniversary of this human tragedy, we share the experience of Palestine refugees through the eyes of the children who have grown up during the conflict.”
Palestine refugee children stand in front of a destroyed building in Ein El Tal camp in Syria. © 2018 UNRWA Photo by Ahmad Abou Zeid
In 2019, UNRWA requires US$ 277 million for its humanitarian response to the Syria crisis. This response will be guided by the following three strategic priorities:
Strategic Priority 1: To preserve resilience through the provision of humanitarian assistance...
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Palestine refugees from Syria have been severely affected by the ongoing armed conflict. Of the total 438,000 Palestine refugees from Syria, the vast majority require assistance. Click here to read more.

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Facts and Figures

HEALTH 

The ongoing conflict in Syria has had a serious impact on the health of the Palestine refugee community in Syria, Lebanon and Jordan. In Syria, virtually all 438,000 Palestine refugees rely on UNRWA to meet their health-care needs, either directly or through the Agency’s interventions. Costs associated with the provision of health services have risen exponentially as medical supplies and hospital services have become scarce and significantly more expensive. In the face of a shortage of qualified health professionals, UNRWA strives to ensure that its health programme in Syria remains adequately staffed.

In Syria, UNRWA offers preventive and curative health services through its health centres and health points as well as UNRWA-subsidised referrals to secondary and tertiary healthcare. Fifteen UNRWA health centres that provide primary health-care services are currently in operation, with a further 11 health points and one mobile clinic opened in areas with significant populations of displaced Palestine refugees. The health points have been set up in available spaces close to fleeing refugees and offer outpatient care, management and treatment of non-communicable disease, and pharmacy services. Some also offer maternal health care, as well as laboratory and dental facilities. UNRWA retains the capacity to deploy emergency health teams to areas of active conflict and displacement in the event of localized crises.

In Lebanon, primary health-care services is provided free of charge in all 27 UNRWA health centres, one health point and one mobile clinic. This service is vital given that Palestine refugees in Lebanon do not have access to public health services and in the context of their worsening socioeconomic situation. In 2018, UNRWA plans to provide care for approximately 150 chronic cases, such as cancers, multiple sclerosis, mental health cases and thalassemia.

In Jordan, the UNRWA emergency health programme ensures that all PRS temporarily residing in Jordan have free access to primary health services at the Agency’s 25 health centres and four mobile clinics located throughout the country. In 2018, UNRWA will maintain this level of service while ensuring that such services are available to all, including those who face challenging protection issues, as well as those whose freedom of movement is limited due to security concerns.

Gap 87.50
Coverage 12.50

Funding Requirements

In 2018, UNRWA requires US$ 438 million for its humanitarian response to the Syria crisis, centred on preserving resilience through the provision of humanitarian assistance in the form of cash, food and relief items. UNRWA is also the main provider of basic healthcare to all 438,000 Palestine refugees in Syria as well as providing education to more than 48,000 students. In the nine official camps, the Agency ensures access to basic services including water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH). As of 1st of September 2018, the Emergency Appeal for Syria is 12,5% funded.

Read more in the Syria Regional Crisis Emergency Appeal 2018

Total Appeal$438,000,000
Received to Date$54,750,000
Gap$383,250,000
Coverage12.50%
Gap87.50%

The Syria Crisis

Into the eighth year of conflict, conditions in Syria remain volatile and marked by continuing and intense armed violence and limited humanitarian access. Amid this unconscionable bloodshed and destruction, Palestine refugees remain particularly vulnerable and have been disproportionately affected by the conflict, due to their proximity to conflict areas inside Syria, high rates of poverty, and the tenuous legal status of those forced to flee to Lebanon and Jordan. The timeline below tells their story.

With thanks to our donors

Our ability to respond depends on the generosity of donors and the guarantee of safe and consistent access to those in need, in accordance with international law. We urge donors to maintain and increase their support in 2018 to mitigate the humanitarian impacts of the crisis in Syria, enhance the protection of civilians and prevent further suffering. We call on all parties to the Syria conflict to urgently pursue a negotiated solution and put an end to the violence, destruction, and violation of rights, dignity and humanity.

 

With thanks to our donors thumbnail © UNRWA

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