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Education in emergencies (EIE)
Through its Education in Emergencies (EiE) programme, UNRWA helps to ensure that Palestine refugee children across Gaza, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria and the West Bank can continue to access their right to quality, inclusive and equitable education, even in times of crisis and conflict.
With the increasingly volatile situation in the region - the conflict in Syria, the blockade in Gaza, and the ongoing occupation in the West Bank – the delivery of education to Palestine refugees living in areas of crisis is a continuous challenge. Here, the UNRWA response is to strengthen the UNRWA education system, whilst complementing it with innovative approaches to respond to new and challenging contexts. The UNRWA EiE programme achieves this through: 'doing things differently' (delivering education in alternative ways), 'doing more of other things' (more psychosocial support to children) and 'doing things that had not been the focus before' (safety and security training for students, staff and parents).
In this regard, UNRWA adopts a multi-stranded approach to EiE to ensure that the response is holistic and meets the needs of children, teachers, and parents:
- Ensuring a safe and secure learning environment for Palestine refugee children and youth, that supports their physical and emotional wellbeing
- Relevant and quality teaching and learning, including alternative methods of teaching and learning in times of crisis
- Ensuring parental, community, and student engagement to support the quality and continuation of education in emergencies
The UNRWA EiE programme has become renowned in the region, and beyond: the host countries in which UNRWA works, as well as other UN agencies, continue to replicate its approaches and use the specific resources developed.
1) Safe and secure learning environments
In light of the negative psychosocial impact of conflict and crisis on children and education staff, the UNRWA EiE response emphasizes the importance of psychosocial support. UNRWA puts additional school counsellors in place to provide individual and group counselling, provides regular recreational activities and ensures referral of cases to specialized services, if required. UNRWA counsellors provide ongoing psychosocial support to children during the school year, as well as through summer recreational activities, to meet the psychosocial needs of all students. UNRWA also supports the capacity development of its teachers in identifying and responding to students’ diverse needs and providing psychosocial support in the classroom.
To better support the school counsellors and teachers in providing recreational activities for UNRWA students and promoting the well-being and resilience of children, UNRWA has developed a Recreational Activities Guide that includes a wide range of psychosocial support activities.
Safe and Secure Delivery of Education
UNRWA works to promote the safety and security of its students, education staff and schools. To this effect, safety and security training modules have been developed and the capacity of education staff and students has been built up to help them to better respond in emergencies. School risk assessments and evacuation drills are also regularly carried out in schools. Parents are kept informed about the security measures at school and how they can help to keep their children safe in and on their way to schools.
SAFE LEARNING AND RECREATIONAL SPACES
During emergency situations, education may be interrupted, leaving Palestine refugee children unable to access their regular schools. Some children may be living in collective shelters for internally displaced persons and not have a place to study at home. To help address this disruption to children’s learning, UNRWA has set up safe learning and recreational spaces. These provide a safe and child-friendly environment where children can learn and engage in recreational activities, all of which are supported by qualified teachers and specialized psychosocial counsellors.
Learning activities at a Safe Learning Space in Khan Dunnoun, Syria. © 2016 UNRWA Photo by Taghrid Mohammad
2) Quality teaching and learning
UNRWA works to ensure that Palestine refugee children living in challenging contexts continue to have access to quality teaching and learning.
The UNRWA Department of Education has developed a self-learning programme to facilitate the learning of basic skills and core subject concepts in Arabic, mathematics, English and science. The programme is designed for those children who cannot regularly access school to learn at home or in their communities. It includes:
- Self-learning materials for Grades 1-9, based on the Syrian curriculum
- An Online Interactive Learning Programme (ILP) with educational games focusing on literacy and numeracy (available at HTTP://ilp.unrwa.org) for UNRWA students in Grades 1-9 in Jordan, Lebanon, Gaza, Syria and West Bank; and
- UNRWA TV educational lessons available on YouTube (https://www.youtube.com/user/unrwatv), covering the core subjects of Arabic, English, mathematics and science for UNRWA students grades 4-9 in Jordan, Lebanon, Gaza, Syria and West Bank.
Boy in Gaza using the Interactive Learning Programme website. © 2017 UNRWA photo by Tamer Hamam
Learning Support Activities
The UNRWA EiE programme also helps in the provision of learning support to help children make up for any lost school time; this is through catch-up classes and summer learning programmes.
3) parent, community, and STudent engagement
The engagement of parents and the wider community is key in times of emergencies as it can help to ensure the continuation of education at home or in alternative spaces. Parents should also play a key role in emergency preparedness, as well as in recovery after an emergency. Parents are engaged in supporting their children's education through regular parents’ awareness sessions on a variety of topics, including psychosocial support, safety and security and the self-learning programme. The Parent Teacher Associations (PTAs) in place in every school can strengthen the vital link between the school and the community and support contingency planning at the school level.
Students play a key role in every strand of the EiE programme, specifically through the involvement of elected student School Parliaments in any contingency planning for emergencies and with regard to the training of children on safety and security skills and procedures (for example, school evacuation).
Parents engaged in recreational activities with their children during the annual Back-to-School Campaign in Gaza.
© 2017 UNRWA Photo by Rushdi Sarraj
As part of its EiE programme, UNRWA has developed an animated video for children and communities affected by conflict. The video, ‘Education Brings Hope in Times of Emergencies’, encourages families to utilize UNRWA resources and support their children in re-engaging in education during times of crisis.
Learn more about how UNRWA delivers education on the front line for Palestine refugees in Syria.
Working to improve data management and strengthen the monitoring and evaluation of the EiE Programme, UNRWA developed an Agency-wide EiE Bank of Indicators. The Bank builds on existing global and regional EiE indicators and seeks to achieve consistency of measurement across the UNRWA Five Fields of operations, enabling programmatic and Emergency Appeal monitoring and reporting to be more comparable. The Bank can be accessed on this link: Agency-wide EiE Bank of Indicators.
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