Beach camp

Beach camp, Gaza Strip. © 2016 UNRWA Photo by Tamer Hamam

Beach camp, Gaza Strip. © 2016 UNRWA Photo by Tamer Hamam

Beach refugee camp is the third largest of the Gaza Strip’s eight refugee camps, and one of the most crowded. Locally known as ‘Shati’, the camp is on the Mediterranean coast in the Gaza City area. 90,173 Palestine Refugees are registered with UNRWA in Beach camp. 

The camp is built on an area of only 0.52 square kilometers. Streets and alleys in the camp are often very narrow and the area is considered one of the most densely populated areas in the world. 



 Unemployment has risen considerably since the blockade was imposed on the Gaza Strip, making life more difficult for most refugees in Beach camp. Far fewer families can provide for themselves, and a huge proportion of the population is dependent on the UNRWA food assistance program. 



The permissible fishing zone in Gaza and North Gaza is six nautical miles. The Israeli imposition of restrictions on the Gaza Strip’s fishing zone have particularly affected Beach camp. The diminished fishing catch has led to a loss of livelihoods and increased poverty. In addition, practices used by the Israeli navy to enforce the fishing limits, including the firing of live ammunition, have raised a range of protection concerns. Overall, around 90 shooting incidents were recorded in North Gaza in the first half of 2023, resulting in the injury of nine fishermen, and the arrest of thirteen Palestinians, including one child. 



  • 17 UNRWA installations  
  •  15 school buildings, of which four are single-shift (four schools) and 11 operate on double shifts (22 schools), accommodating 26 schools in total.
  • One food distribution centre, which is in urgent needs for rehabilitation  
  • One health centre  
  • One area relief and social services office  
  • One maintenance and sanitation office  



  • Electricity cuts  
  • High unemployment  
  • Fishing limit enforced by Israel and collapse of fishing sector  
  • High population density  
  • Contaminated water supply  
  • Lack of availability of construction materials  



 Overcrowding and a lack of living space characterize Beach camp. Shelters are built in close proximity to one another and there is a general lack of recreational and social space. In many cases, residents have had to add extra floors to their shelters to accommodate their families. Often, these lack proper design. Many residents in the camp live in substandard conditions. 

*Last Update in July 2023.


We provide services in 8 Palestine refugee camps in the Gaza Strip. UNRWA does not administer or police the camps, as this is the responsibility of the host authorities.

Quick Facts

Refugees in camps

There are 90,713* Palestine Refugees registered in the camp as of 2023

* This figure does not claim to represent the actual number of Palestine Refugees present in the camp but merely the number of Palestine Refugees registered with UNRWA in the camp

Official camps

Covering an area of 0.52 sq km.

Beach camp is one of the most densely populated areas worldwide

Unrwa In Beach camp


15 school buildings, accommodating 26 schools in total

Health Centre

One health centre provides primary health services to camp residents

Social Safety Net Beneficiaries

One relief and social services office provides social services  to refugees in the camp