Bureij camp

Bureij refugee camp is a comparatively small refugee camp located in the middle of the Gaza Strip. The camp is near Maghazi and Nuseirat refugee camps.

Bureij camp was built in the 1950s to house approximately 13,000 refugees who until then had lived in British army barracks and tents. The refugees who settled in Bureij had mostly come from towns east of Gaza, such as Falouja. Today, the refugee population of Bureij is more than 41,088.

Bureij camp, Gaza Strip. © 2016 UNRWA Photo by Tamer Hamam
Bureij camp, Gaza Strip. © 2016 UNRWA Photo by Tamer Hamam

The blockade on Gaza has made life more difficult for most camp residents. Unemployment levels have risen dramatically and fewer families can provide for themselves, leaving a staggering proportion of the population dependent on UNRWA food and cash assistance. 

Water and sanitation

Bureij camp is located close to Wadi Gaza, an open sewage pond from which raw sewage flows directly into the sea. According to the United Nations Environment Programme, up to 80,000 cubic metres of raw or partially treated sewage are pumped out to the ocean in Gaza each day, resulting in serious environmental health risks, including watery and bloody diarrhea among refugee children.

In the camp, 90 per cent of the water is unfit for human consumption.

Major challenges

Major challenges facing camp residents include high unemployment rates, overcrowdedness, a contaminated water supply and an unpredictable power supply.


We provide services in 8 Palestine refugee camps in the Gaza Strip. UNRWA does not administer or police the camps, as this is the responsibility of the host authorities.

Quick Facts

Refugees in camps

41,088 registered refugees live in Bureij camp

Official camps

Bureij camp was established in the 1950s

Unrwa In Bureij camp


Eight school buildings, accommodating 11 schools

Health Centre

One health centre provides primary health care to the camp's population. 

UNRWA launched the #DignityIsPriceless campaign in Gaza on 22 January 2018. © 2018 UNRWA Photo Rushdi Al Saraj
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