It was established in the aftermath of the 1948 Arab-Israeli war
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A busy and crowded camp, Nuseirat refugee camp is located in the middle of the Gaza Strip like Bureij and Maghazi camps.
Nuseirat, which takes its name from a local Bedouin tribe, initially accommodated 16,000 refugees who fled from the southern districts of Palestine after the 1948 Arab-Israeli war, including the coast and Bir Saba’. Before the camp was formed, refugees lived in a former British military prison in the area.
The blockade on Gaza, which has lasted for more than a decade, has made life more and more difficult for nearly all refugees in the camp which is characterized by high unemployment and poverty. Today, far fewer families can provide for themselves and a staggering proportion of the population is dependent on UNRWA food and cash assistance programmes. As in the other refugee camps, the water situation in Nuseirat camp is alarming in terms of both quality and quantity.
- 15 school buildings, of which seven are single-shift and 18 operate on double shifts, accommodating 25 schools in total
- One food distribution centre shared with Bureij refugee camp
- Two health centres
- Two area relief and social services offices
- One maintenance and sanitation office
- Electricity cuts
- High unemployment and poverty
- Fishing limits imposed by Israel and collapse of fishing sector
- High population density
- Contaminated water supply
- Lack of availability of construction materials
INFRASTRUCTURE & CAMP IMPROVEMENT
Overcrowding and a lack of living space characterize Nuseirat camp. Shelters are built in close vicinity and there is a general lack of recreational and social space. In many cases, residents have had to add extra floors to their shelters to accommodate their families, in some cases without proper design. Many live in substandard conditions.
REFUGEE CAMPS IN the Gaza Strip
15 school buildings, most of which run on double shifts, accommodate 25 schools
Two Agency health centres provide primary health care, including child and mother care, to camp residents
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