El Buss Camp

Group of childrenThe El Buss Palestine refugee camp is located 1.5 kilometres south of Tyre in Lebanon next to the main Roman ruins in the city. Originally built by the French government in 1937 for Armenian refugees who were moved to the Anjar area in the 1950s, Palestinians from the Acre area in the Galilee sought shelter in their stead.

Because of its location and relatively small size, El Buss was spared from much of the violence that other camps experienced during the Lebanese civil war.

The residents of El Buss camp generally work in the seasonal agricultural industry. The camp has recently expanded in population due to the influx of both Palestine and Syrian refugees displaced by the ongoing Syria conflict.


We provide services in 12 Palestine refugee camps in Lebanon. UNRWA does not administer or police the camps, as this is the responsibility of the host authorities.

Quick Facts

Official camps

  • El Buss camp was originally established by the French government in 1937 for Armenian refugees.
  • In the 1950’s, Palestine refugees from the Acre area came to live there.
Unrwa In El Buss Camp


  • UNRWA runs two preparatory schools and one secondary school in El Buss camp, catering to over 1,600 Palestine refugee students, including PRS.

Health Centre

  • The UNRWA health centre in El Buss provides primary health-care services, mother and child health care, dental care, laboratory and X-ray services to camp residents.
  • The health centre receives an average of 230 patients per day.