El Buss Camp

Group of children

El Buss Palestine refugee camp is located 1.5 km south of Tyre in Lebanon next to the main Roman ruins in the city. The French government originally built the camp in 1937 for Armenian refugees. However, they were then moved to the Anjar area in the 1950s and Palestinians from the Acre area in Galilee came to the camp.

Because of its location and relatively small size, the camp was spared from much of the violence that other camps experienced during the Lebanese civil war.

The residents of El Buss camp generally work in the seasonal agricultural industry. The camp has recently expanded in population due to the influx of refugees from Syria and Palestinian refugees from Syria (PRS).


We provide services in 12 Palestine refugee camps in Lebanon. UNRWA does not administer or police the camps, as this is the responsibility of the host authorities.

Quick Facts

Official camps

  • El Buss camp was originally established by the French government in 1937 for Armenian refugees.
  • In the 1950’s, Palestine refugees from the Acre area came to live there.
Unrwa In El Buss Camp


  • UNRWA runs two preparatory schools and one secondary school in El Buss camp, catering to over 1,600 Palestine refugee students, including PRS.

Health Centre

  • The UNRWA health centre in El Buss provides primary health-care services, mother and child health care, dental care, laboratory and X-ray services to camp residents.
  • The health centre receives an average of 230 patients per day.