The information included here predates the start of the conflict in Syria in March 2011. For more up-to-date information, please visit the Syria crisis page.
Ein el-Tal camp is on a hillside 13km north-east of the city of Aleppo in the Syrian Arab Republic.
The camp, also known as "Hindrat" (after a nearby village), was established in 1962 on an area of 0.16 square kilometres. Most of the inhabitants are refugees who fled from northern Palestine.
Most of the refugees are casual labourers or teachers in local schools.
UNRWA and the Syrian Government have agreed a two-phase improvement plan, involving Ein el-Tal camp and the nearby official Neirab camp. As part of this, each shelter has been connected to a camp-wide sewerage system, which alleviates the prevalence of diseases such as leishmaniasis, a vector-borne skin disease transmitted by flies feeding on waste water.
Part of the overall rehabilitation project was to improve the infrastructure throughout Ein el-Tal, including roads, and water and electricity supply. Paved roads allow local transport to serve the camp for the first time.
Ein el-Tal does not have a local market, so food and other items are bought from mobile vendors that come to the area or individual shops in the camp.
*A number of so-called unofficial refugee camps were established over time by the host governments to provide accommodation for Palestine refugees. In all respects, refugees in official and unofficial camps have equal access to UNRWA services, except that UNRWA is not responsible for solid waste collection in the unofficial camps.
Palestine refugees from Syria have been severely affected by the ongoing armed conflict in the country.