As of 1 January 2019
Homs camp (also known as Al-Aydoon refugee camp) lies within the town of Homs, 160 km north of Damascus, on an area of 0.15 square kilometres, adjacent to al-Baath University. The camp was established in 1949 following the displacement of Palestinians during the first Arab-Israeli War of 1948-49. Many of the refugees living in the camp are originally from the villages surrounding Haifa, Tiberias and Acre in northern Palestine.
Before the crisis, the camp was home to 22,000 Palestine refugees. The majority of them used to work as labourers, local civil servants and vendors. However, since the start of the conflict in 2011, the original camp population has reduced to 9,000, with many seeking refuge abroad.
The camp has remained relatively calm and stable, despite Homs city being one of the most severely affected cities by the war with several neighbourhoods reduced to rubble. This has caused the camp population to increase - thousands of displaced Syrians and Palestine refugees from Homs itself, as well as other areas, have moved to the camp. Demand for UNRWA services has grown due to this influx. There are currently 13,000 Palestine refugees living in the camp, and another 2,000 in surrounding areas.
UNRWA facilities haven’t been directly impacted as a result of the conflict, except from minor damages sustained indirectly in a number of school buildings.
Like other areas in Syria, displacement, unemployment, inflation, protection and security risks are among the main concerns shared by Palestine refugees and Syrians alike. The ongoing crisis in Syria has led to an increase in negative coping mechanisms, like early marriage, child labour and drug consumption. UNRWA has increased its efforts to do preventative and awareness raising activities through its schools and community centres.
Main UNRWA installations:
- One area office
- Four double-shift schools in two buildings
- One health centre
- One community centre
- One vocational training centre
- One distribution centre
- One sanitation office
Programmes in the camp:
- Emergency assistance
- Vocational training
- Relief and Social Services
REFUGEE CAMPS IN Syria
Palestine refugees from Syria have been severely affected by the ongoing armed conflict in the country.
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