- 20,000 refugees lived in the camp before 1967
Ein el-Sultan Camp
Ein el-Sultan camp is located in the Jordan Valley and borders the city of Jericho. Originally, 20,000 refugees lived in the camp; however, most camp residents were displaced to Jordan during the 1967 hostilities, leaving behind only 2,000 residents. After the Israeli withdrawal from Jericho following the Oslo Accords in 1994, the population in the camp increased to more than 3,500 people.
Nearly all of the original UNRWA shelters in the camp were damaged during the first intifada. Subsequent reconstruction provided larger shelters, more public spaces and wider streets. This makes Ein el-Sultan camp seem more spacious than many other camps. Many shelters have outdoor areas, which provide valuable space for recreation. However, recent population growth has forced the residents to resort to vertical expansion.
One of the most pressing issues in the camp is the lack of a sewerage network. Residents currently use percolation pits that cause a wide range of problems, including health issues and high maintenance costs. The construction of a sewerage network in Ein el-Sultan camp is one of the main priorities for UNRWA in the West Bank. UNRWA also faces challenges in solid waste management due to the large size of the camp.
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REFUGEE CAMPS IN the West Bank
Refugees in camps
- Ein el-Sultan camp was established in 1948
- The camp covers .87 sq km, with a population density of 4,022 per sq km
- One school serves more than 1,000 students
- One health centre provides primary health care, including reproductive health, infant and child care, immunizations, screening and medical check-ups and treatment
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