Kalandia Camp

Kalandia camp is located within Area C and East Jerusalem, near the main checkpoint between Ramallah and Jerusalem and next to the West Bank Barrier. The construction and expansion of Kalandia Checkpoint and the West Bank Barrier in the early 2000s have significantly affected the economic situation in the camp by isolating it from the Israeli job market and Jerusalem.

Kalandia refugee camp. © 2015 UNRWA Photo by Dominiek Benoot
Kalandia refugee camp. © 2015 UNRWA Photo by Dominiek Benoot

Kalandia Checkpoint was originally constructed as a roadblock in 2001. Since that time, it has become the busiest checkpoint in the West Bank in terms of pedestrian and vehicular traffic. The checkpoint has a strong military presence and is often the scene of confrontations between Israeli security forces (ISF) and Palestinians. Israeli security forces also conduct frequent operations within Kalandia camp, which have resulted in injuries and fatalities among camp residents. In 2014, two fatalities occurred during Israeli security operations. One of these fatalities was an UNRWA staff member.

Kalandia refugee camp. © 2013 UNRWA Photo by Alaa Ghosheh
Kalandia refugee camp. © 2013 UNRWA Photo by Alaa Ghosheh

High levels of unemployment, overcrowding, and frequent incursions by Israeli forces negatively affect the social fabric of the camp. The camp has also witnessed a rise in violence and illicit behaviour in recent years as a result of the deteriorating economic conditions.

Read more about Kalandia refugee camp

REFUGEE CAMPS IN the West Bank

We provide services in 19 Palestine refugee camps in the West Bank. UNRWA does not administer or police the camps, as this is the responsibility of the host authorities.

Quick Facts

Refugees in camps

  • Around 9,950 refugees live in Kalandia camp
  • They originate from Jerusalem, Haifa, Lydd, Ramleh, and the area west of Hebron

Official camps

  • Kalandia camp was established in 1949
  • It sits on 0.42 sq km, with an estimated population density of 35,410 per sq km
Unrwa In Kalandia Camp

Schools

  • Four schools serve around 1,600 students 

Health Centre

  • One health centre provides primary health care including reproductive health, infant and child care, immunizations, screening and medical check-ups and treatment
Two UNRWA students from Gaza enjoy recess in their first day of school. © 2017 UNRWA Photo by Rushdi Al-Saraj
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